Emblems of Alberta

The emblems of Alberta reflect the province's history, natural and diverse landscapes and people.

photo of the Coat of Arms

Coat of Arms

The Alberta Coat of Arms represents provincial sovereignty and the authority of the Lieutenant Governor, Premier, Ministers, the Legislative Assembly, members of the Legislative Assembly and their offices. It is used by the Court of Appeal, the Court of Queen's Bench, the Provincial Court and Provincial Judges.

The original Coat of Arms was assigned by Royal Warrant in 1907. In 1980, it was augmented with a crest, supporters and a motto to create what is now known as the Alberta Coat of Arms. A minor revision was introduced in 2008 to replace the gentlemen's helmet with the royal helmet.

The crest has a royal crown on top of a beaver sitting on a helmet with a silver and red wreath. The supporters are a gold lion and a pronghorn antelope. The compartment, the base of the Coat of Arms, is a grassy mount with wild roses. The provincial motto, Fortis et Liber–strong and free–is under the base. Royal Warrant adopted the current Coat of Arms on July 30, 1980.


photo of the Provincial Shield topped by a red St. George's Cross on a white background, Alberta's provincial shield features azure (blue) in a range of snow-capped mountains with green hills, prairie and a wheat field in front.

Provincial Shield

In September 2013, the shield of the Coat of Arms was adopted as a separate official emblem known as the provincial shield. Topped by a red St. George's Cross on a white background, the Provincial Shield features azure (blue) in a range of snow-capped mountains with green hills, prairie and a wheat field in front. The provincial shield remains as an element of two other emblems—the Coat of Arms and the flag of Alberta.




photo of the Flag of Alberta features Alberta's provincial shield on a blue background

Flag of Alberta

Adopted on June 1, 1968, the flag shows the provincial shield of Alberta on a blue background. The flag is proportioned twice as long as it is high, with the provincial shield positioned in the center at 7/11 of the height of the flag.




photo of the beautiful, pink wild rose is Alberta's floral emblem.

Floral Emblem: Wild Rose, Rosa Acicularis

The wild rose was designated the floral emblem of Alberta in 1930. It grows almost everywhere in the province, brightening the countryside with flashes of pink.



photo of Rough fescue is Alberta's grass emblem.

Grass Emblem: Rough Fescue, Festuca Scabrella

Alberta has the largest area of rough fescue grassland in the world and is the only place in North America that hosts the plains, foothills and northern kinds of rough fescue. Rough fescue provides excellent year-round forage for wildlife and livestock, and is a symbol of Alberta's prairie heritage and the need for the conservation of our rich biodiversity of native grasslands. It was designated the official grass of Alberta in 2003 due to the efforts of the Prairie Conservation Forum.







photo of the colours of the Alberta tartan represent the green of our forests, the gold of our wheat fields, the blue of our clear skies and sparkling lakes, the pink of our wild rose, and the black of our coal and petroleum.

Alberta Tartan

The colours of the Alberta tartan represent the green of our forests, the gold of our wheat fields, the blue of our clear skies and sparkling lakes, the pink of our wild rose, and the black of our coal and petroleum. The tartan was designed by the Edmonton Rehabilitation Society for the Handicapped, now Goodwill Industries of Alberta, and was adopted as the official tartan of Alberta in 1961.




photo of the Alberta dress tartan complements the Alberta tartan. It includes the same colours as the Alberta tartan and adds large sections of white, a symbol of Alberta's bright snowy days.

Alberta Dress Tartan

Adopted in 2000, the Alberta dress tartan complements the Alberta tartan. It is worn for dancing, special occasions and formal attire. It includes the same colours as the Alberta tartan and adds large sections of white, a symbol of Alberta's bright snowy days.





photo of the great horned owl is Alberta's official bird.

Bird of Alberta: Great Horned Owl, Bubo Virginianus

On May 3, 1977, the great horned owl was adopted as Alberta's official bird after a province-wide children's vote. The great horned owl is a year-round resident of the province.





photo of Petrified wood is Alberta's official stone.

Stone of Alberta: Petrified Wood

Commonly found in gravel pits throughout Alberta, petrified wood is the result of the deposit of microcrystalline quartz in the pores and cells of the fallen trees of the Cretaceous and Paleocene times, 60 – 90 million years ago. Petrified wood became Alberta's official stone in 1977.



photo of the lodgepole pine is Alberta's official tree.

Tree of Alberta: Lodgepole Pine, Pinus Contorta Variety Latifolia

In the early 1900s, lodgepole pine was primarily used to make railway ties. Today it plays a major role in Alberta's forest industry and is manufactured into poles, posts, pulp, plywood, mine timbers and other products. It was adopted as the official tree of Alberta on May 30, 1984.



photo of the Alberta blue and gold are the province's official colours.

Provincial Colours

Alberta blue and gold are the official colours and were adopted in 1984. The blue represents the sky and the gold deep yellow represents the prairies.




photo of the Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep is Alberta's official mammal.

Mammal of Alberta: Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep, Ovis Canadensis

On August 18, 1989, the Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep was designated the official mammal of Alberta. The bighorn is a native Alberta mammal. Prehistoric remains have been found in most of the river valleys across Alberta, showing that at one time some of the largest herds of Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep roamed the province. Today the bighorn is primarily found in the Rocky Mountain region.



photo of the bull trout is Alberta's official fish.

Fish of Alberta: Bull Trout, Salvelinus Confluentus

Adopted as the official fish of Alberta on May 2, 1995, the bull trout is one of eight species of trout found in the province's glacial waters. To ensure Alberta's population of bull trout never becomes endangered, there is a catch and release policy governing all bull trout fishing in the province.



Song: Alberta

In addition to the designated official emblems, Alberta also has a provincial song titled Alberta that was adopted in September 2004. It pays musical tribute to the province's geography, industry, history and cultural diversity. Alberta, composed by Mary Kieftenbeld, was part of a contest to find an original, official song for the province's centennial celebrations in 2005.

Download the images of the emblems of Alberta.

Revised: May 29, 2014

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