Homestead Records at the Provincial Archives of Alberta
Federal Order-in-Council PC 1710, 1881
Provincial Archives of Alberta Accession
Under the provisions of the Federal Dominion Lands Act (1872), individuals
could make application for parcels of Crown land in Western Canada. The normal size
of a homestead was one quarter section of 160 acres.
Upon taking up the homestead, the individual was required to clear at least 10 acres
of land, undertake some cultivation, have built a habitable dwelling and some farm
buildings, and live on the land for six months a year for three years. Once these
requirements were let, the individual would submit an application for title (letters patent)
to the land.
The Provincial Archives holds microfilm copies of individual homestead applications for land
throughout Alberta. These application files provide some basic biographical information on the
applicant, such as his or her age, place of birth, former place of residence, and date of entry
on the land. Marital status is noted, but the spouse is not usually named. If the applicant was
not a Canadian citizen, there may be a copy of his/her naturalization record, as only Canadian
citizens could receive title to a homestead.
A homesteader's first residence, n.d.
Provincial Archives of Alberta Photo B4510
Century Farm Award
Applications for the
Alberta Century Farm and Ranch Award are handled directly by Alberta Agriculture,
Food and Rural Development. Please contact them directly for more information.
Search the homestead microfilm at the Provincial Archives
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